Unable to connect to localhost aliased sites
On my dev system (windows), I have an apache server and a number of sites defined.
They are listed in the hosts file and also configured in httpd-vhosts.conf.
I have had to stay with an old version of Firefox for the last few years, as more recent versions refused to connect to the localhost sites. I have been "forced" to upgrade and am nolonger able to connect to the local sites. I precise that doing a ping to the site address will return the 127.0.0.1 address.
What do I have to do to get this important functionality working again, please ?
What's the exact error message?
If the server can't be found:
As long as your DNS resolution is running through Windows, the host names in hosts should work. Three ways Firefox might bypass Windows DNS resolution are:
(A) Using DNS-over-HTTPS "only" (very unusual) (B) Using a system-wide VPN or extension-based VPN (C) Configuring Firefox's connection settings
For C, you can check here:
- Windows: "3-bar" menu button (or Tools menu) > Options
- Mac: "3-bar" menu button (or Firefox menu) > Preferences
- Linux: "3-bar" menu button (or Edit menu) > Preferences
- Any system: type or paste about:preferences into the address bar and press Enter/Return to load it
In the search box at the top of the page, type proxy and Firefox should filter to the "Settings" button, which you can click.
The default of "Use system proxy settings" piggybacks on your Windows/IE "LAN" setting. "Auto-detect" can lead to a flaky connection. You may want to try "No proxy".
If the server does not respond:
Please check Firefox's Web Console and Network Monitor tools for any clues about the problem. Also, do your web server logs show any indication of a request?
Thank you for your input. So, to answer your questions :
- message is indeed "Unable to connect - Firefox can’t establish a connection to the server ..."
- network proxy set to "no proxy"
- the web console shows no information
- the network console only shows a bar on the "blocked" line under the timings section
- no entries in any web server log
The really looks like firefox is not getting any info from the hosts file when doing it's dns resolution. Any thoughts ?
Hi Simon_Giddings, I think a DNS issue would look different. You can test by using an address like:
On the Network Monitor entry, if you click that one line, on the right side, on the Headers panel, does it show the expected IP address? Or maybe that panel isn't populated if the connection fails.
You are right, the headers panel does not contain any IP address.
I hasten to add that the upgrade of firefox is the only change done on my system.
So ideas about firewalls, apache software or any other form of network blocking software shouldn't come into the equation really.
I find it difficult to believe that firefox would have "cut out" this connectivity aspect.
I can't readily replicate your environment, so I'm going to have to suggest some more work on your end.
There are two main components for troubleshooting:
(1) Current profile with customized settings and add-ons (2) Program files, occasionally corrupted during an update
So we often recommend testing a new profile or doing a clean reinstall of the program files so you can see how a "vanilla" Firefox behaves in your environment. Naturally, one at a time provides more information than doing everything at once.
New Profile Test
This takes about 3 minutes, plus the time to test your problem site(s).
Inside Firefox, type or paste about:profiles in the address bar and press Enter/Return to load it.
Click the Create a New Profile button, then click Next. Assign a name like April2019, ignore the option to relocate the profile folder, and click the Finish button.
After creating the profile, scroll down to it and click the Set as default profile button below that profile, then scroll back up and click the Restart normally button. (There are some other buttons, but please ignore them.)
Firefox should exit and then start up using the new profile, which will just look brand new. Please ignore any tabs enticing you to connect to a Sync account or to activate extensions found on your system so we can get a clean test.
Do your problem site(s) work any better in the new profile?
When you are done with the experiment, open the about:profiles page again, click the Set as default profile button for your normal profile, then click the Restart normally button to get back to it.
This takes about 5 minutes. It's not about your settings, it's about making sure the program files are clean (no inconsistent or alien code files). As described below, this process does not disturb your existing settings. It's not essential to uninstall Firefox, but you can if you like, saying No to any request about removing personal data.
(A) Download a fresh installer for Firefox to a convenient location:
(B) Exit out of Firefox (if applicable).
If you use Microsoft Office, please change your default browser to Internet Explorer temporarily before the next step.
(C) Using Windows Explorer/My Computer (hold down the Windows key and press E to launch it), right-click > rename the program folder as follows (you might have one or both):
C:\Program Files (x86)\Mozilla Firefox =to=> C:\Program Files (x86)\OldFirefox
C:\Program Files\Mozilla Firefox =to=> C:\Program Files\OldFirefox
(D) Run the installer you downloaded in step (A). It should automatically connect to your existing settings.
Any improvement at your next startup?
Thank you for your advice.
I have tried all suggestions ... with no improvement - still cannot connect.
I wish I had remembered this tool earlier...
Could you test your hostname on this internal page (I can't make it a link, you need to copy/paste to the address bar and load it from there):
That page also has a logging feature described in the following article:
I haven't used it for a few years, but I recall it being extremely verbose.