Many Linux distributions include Thunderbird by default, and most have a package management system that enables you to easily install Thunderbird. Generally, you should install from the package management system, because it will:
Package management also has some disadvantages:
To install Thunderbird using the package manager, please refer to the documentation of the Linux distribution you're using.
Complete instructions for installing Thunderbird outside of package management may be available at your distribution's support website. For example:
tar xjf thunderbird-*.tar.bz2
Thunderbird should now start. You can then create a launcher on your desktop to run this command.
As noted above, you need to install the required libraries for Thunderbird to work. Many distributions don't include libstdc++5 by default.
If Thunderbird is installed following the instructions given above, it must be started (in a Terminal or in a launcher on the Desktop, for example) using the command:
If you try to start Thunderbird in a Terminal with the command:
thunderbird, it will either start the package-manager-installed version of Thunderbird or will tell you the program is not installed.