Linux මත ෆයර්ෆොක්ස් ස්ථාපනය | How to

Linux මත ෆයර්ෆොක්ස් ස්ථාපනය

Getting Firefox installed on your computer is your first step to using it. This article will show you how to install Firefox on Linux. For other operating systems, see How to download and install Firefox on Windows and Mac මත ෆයර්ෆොක්ස් ස්ථාපනය.

Many Linux distributions include Firefox by default. Some distributions include IceWeasel, which is a version of Firefox with the Firefox trademarks removed.

Most Linux distributions have a package management system that lets you easily install Firefox. Generally, you should install from package management. Package management will:

  • Ensure that you have all the required libraries
  • Install Firefox in a way that works best with your distribution
  • Create shortcuts to launch Firefox
  • Make Firefox available to all users of your computer
  • Make removing Firefox work the same as removing any other application

Package management also has some downsides:

  • It may not give you the latest version of Firefox
  • It may give you a version without Firefox branding


Installing from a package manager

Fedora 8, CentOS 5.1

  1. Click the Applications menu and choose Add/Remove Software.
  2. Fedora will ask you for your root password. Enter it and press OK.
  3. Click the Search tab
  4. In the search bar type Firefox.
  5. Find the entry for Firefox and select its checkbox.
  6. Press Apply in the lower right corner.

You should now be able to open Firefox by opening the Applications menu and clicking Internet, then choosing Firefox.

Ubuntu 7.10 and 8.04

  1. Click the Applications menu and choose Add/Remove....
  2. In the Search box on the top of the dialog, type Firefox.
  3. Select the checkbox next to Firefox Web Browser.
  4. Press Apply Changes.
  5. In the confirmation dialog that appears, click Apply.
  6. Ubuntu will ask you for your password. Enter it and press OK.
  7. In the Software has installed successfully dialog, press Close.

You should now be able to open Firefox by opening the Applications menu and clicking Internet, then choosing Firefox Web Browser.

Installing outside of a package manager

Complete instructions for installing Firefox outside of package management may be available at your distribution's support web site.

Before you install Firefox, make sure that your computer has the required libraries installed. Missing libraries will cause Firefox to be inoperable.

The following instructions will install Firefox into your home directory, and only the current user will be able to run it.

  1. Download Firefox from the Firefox download page to your home directory.
  2. Extract the contents of the downloaded file.

cd ~ tar xjf firefox-*.tar.bz2

  1. Close Firefox if it's open.
  2. To start Firefox, run the firefox script in the firefox folder.

~/firefox/firefox

Firefox should now start. You can then create an icon on your desktop to run this command.


The following instructions will install Firefox into /usr/local directory, and all the users will be able to run it.

  1. Download Firefox from the Firefox download page to your home directory.
  2. Log-in as root user.

su

  1. You need to type the root password in order to log-in as root user.
  2. Extracts the contents of the downloaded file.

cd ~ tar xjf firefox-*.tar.bz2

  1. Move the firefox folder to the /usr/local folder.

mv firefox /usr/local

  1. Close Firefox if it's open.
  2. To start Firefox, run the firefox script in the firefox folder./usr/local/firefox/firefox

Firefox should now start. You can then create an icon on your desktop to run this command.

libstdc++5 error

As noted above, you need to install the required libraries for Firefox to work. Many distributions don't include libstdc++5 by default.

"firefox not installed" message or wrong version of Firefox starts

You must start Firefox with the command ~/firefox/firefox If you try to start Firefox with the command firefox it will either start the package-manager-installed version of Firefox or will tell you the program is not installed.


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